INCORE Integrated Concept for Groundwater Remediation

Country: EU Projects
Start Date:           Duration: 39 months         Project Type: RTD
Contract Number: EVK1-CT-1999-00017
Organisation Type:  EC Project
Contaminated land-->Mega-sites
Contaminated land-->Remediation options-->In situ treatment technologies
Contaminated land-->Remediation options-->MNA
Contaminated land-->Remediation options-->Permeable reactive barriers
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Models
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Tools and procedures
Contaminated land-->Risk management-->Monitoring and aftercare
Contaminated land-->Risk management-->Risk management overview
Contaminated land-->Risk management-->Selection of remediation options
Contaminated land-->Risk management-->Strategies
Contaminated land-->Risk management-->Verification
Contaminated land-->Site investigation-->Conceptual site model
Groundwater protection-->Groundwater processes-->Groundwater processes overview
Groundwater protection-->Monitoring-->Monitoring overview
Groundwater protection-->Monitoring-->Sampling techniques
Project objectives:
INCORE focuses on the development and partial implementation of an new approach to contaminated land assessment and revitalisation in urban industrial areas 
comprising three cycles: (a) the investigation of groundwater contamination emission at the scale of entire sites, (b) the evaluation of the contamination
source zones and (c) the development of emission oriented remediation strategies. The major advantage of the new approach is that the number of sites to be considered
is reduced within each cycle. Furthermore cost-effective revitalisation measures could be implemented based on the level of tolerable groundwater emissions.
Project Summary:
INCORE aims at providing a cost-efficient technical-administrative set of tools to optimise investigation, evaluation and management of contaminated 
groundwater and land in urban industrial areas, considering regional aspects such as complex land-use patterns, land-use specific contamination and the
extent of urban industrial areas. This will allow the revitalization of groundwater resources and soil in these areas. Innovation of current scientific,
technical, economic and administrative methodologies will be tackled. Four European cities, which share the same groundwater problems within their industrialized urban areas, have committed themselves to jointly develop
such a set of tools. At the same time there is a wide-spread variation of specific local conditions which provide a representative range to be expected at EU scale.
The work programme can be summarized in three main groups, which are investigation, assessment and revitalization. Based on the idea of emission oriented
integral investigation, an innovative cyclic approach in three steps (cycle I to III) is being proposed which starts with the screening of groundwater plumes
at the scale of the whole industrial area and ends with the remediation of individual source areas or the containment of plumes. The major advantage of this approach
is that the number of areas to be considered for further investigation and remediation is reduced from one cycle to the next with a high level of investigation
certainty. Consequently, a large potentially contaminated area is screened but only a small area may be ultimately remediated.
Achieved Objectives:
NCORE- Achieved Objectives:         
According to the INCORE working plan an integral approach to contaminated land assessment an revitalisation in urban areas, focusing on groundwater quality 
and complex contamination patterns, which are typically for may European cities, was developed. To enhance the implementation of the integral approach for
the quantification of subsurface contamination, additionally, a set of reports, guidelines software tools, and case studies were released. Thus, following
objectives could be achieved: 1. Technology development for the integrated investigation of groundwater contamination at regional scale 2. Technology development for site analysis at site scale 3. Development of strategies for the implementation of innovative remediation technologies 4. Development of strategies for the economic revitalisation of urban industrial areas
Product Descriptions:
The Integrated Concept for Groundwater Remediation (INCORE) outlines a new strategy for the investigation, remediation and revitalisation of industrial 
areas which is based on an integrated quantification of total contaminant emissions. It considers entire industrial areas instead of particular single sites,
in order to achieve a high level of confidence in the investigation results. An innovative cyclic approach is applied to contaminated land and groundwater management beginning with the screening of groundwater plumes at the scale
of entire industrial areas, and ending with the remediation of individual source areas or the containment of plumes. The major advantage of the approach is
that the number of local scale sites, or the size of the area to be considered, is reduced stepwise from one cycle to the next. Thus, a large potentially contaminated
is screened but ultimately only a small area may need to be remediated. During the project, the new concept was implemented at the four project areas Linz (Austria),
Strasbourg (France), Milan (Italy), Stuttgart (Germany) and Bydgoszcz (Poland). At least in Germany the application of the new integral approach is used as a strategy for investigation of contaminated groundwater and land in industrialised
urban areas. The implementation of the cyclic approach is under discussion. INCORE - available resources In order to facilitate the implementation of the Integrated Concept for Groundwater Remediation (INCORE) reports and tools are provided describing in
detail steps need to be taken towards the new integral contaminated land management strategy. The reports and tools are organised according to the INCORE project
work packages. The implementation of innovative plume investigation methodologies is supported by the following resources: 1. Data inventory Product: guideline, database 2. Integral groundwater investigation Product: reports, case study 3. Delimiting source zones Product: guideline 4. Localisation and identification of contaminant sources Product: reports, guideline, case study 5. Human health risk assessment Product: guideline, report, software Resources for the implementation of administrative concepts include: 1. Natural attenuation Product: case study 2. Integral remediation concepts Product: report 3. Development of administrative concepts Product: report 4. Cost comparison Product: report 5. In-situ remediation technologies Product: software
Additional Information:

Project Resources:

Neckar Valley Site Ulmer Strasse - overview and results of first investigation study

Ergebnisse der Isotopenuntersuchung an Nitrat und IHKW s

Evaluation of the field study, Kraftwerk Ost - Kohlebandbruecke with respect to the use of NA as a remedial option for BTEX and PAH

Field study on the evvaluation of natural attenuation of chlorinated hydrocarbons in fractured media, Nesenbach Strasse, Stuttgart

The Implementation of amFlux Model for the Application of Groundwater Integrated Investigation Concept

The immission approach for quantifying contaminant mass fluxes in heterogeneous formations: numerical simulation and discussion of methodology

Numerical estimations of contaminant mass flow based on concentration measurements in pumping wells

An analytical quantification of mass fluxes and natural attenuation rate constants at a former gasworks site

Mass flux, transport and natural attenuation of organic contaminants at a former urban gaswork site

Transport and natural attenuation of selected organic contaminants at a former urban gasworks site

Integrated Concept of Groundwater Remediation (INCORE EVK 1-CT 1999-00017),

Integrated Concept of Groundwater Remediation

Integrated Concept for Groundwater Remediation -INCORE; -Localisation and identification of groundwater contamination- (Contract N EVK1-CT-1999-00017)


Human Health Risk Assessment in the Management of Groundwater Resources

Uncertainties in contaminant plume characterisations based on concentration measurements in pumping wells The Stuttgart-Neckartalaue site.

The integral groundwater investigation method: 1. Field measurements in Strasbourg.

Integral groundwater investigation: field application in Milano, Italy

Integrated Concept for Groundwater Remediation (INCORE EVK 1-CT1999-00017)

Data Inventory of the Project Areas

Integral Groundwater Investigation

Delimiting Potential Contamination Source Zones

Localisation and Identification of Contaminant Sources

Development of Administrative Concepts

Cost effectiveness - costs and levels of confidence

Integrated Concept for Groundwater Remediation

INCORE RiskWater Software

Practical Guide for the Analysis of Concentration Distribution: Addendum to Flow Chart II of Work Package 3 INCORE Guideline G2

Manual for the Use of On Site Analytical Systems on Contaminated Sites INCORE Guideline G3

Health Risk Assessment due to Groundwater Contamination

Data inventory of the project areas

Report: Development of Administrative Concepts

Localisation and identification of contaminants - literature study; state of the art in contaminant fingerprinting

Risk Assessment - INCORE Report R6

Source / plume remediation natural attenuation

Emission - focussed and combined remediation technologies

Field Investigations and Numerical Modelling at the Strasbourg Site

INCORE Case Study CS3: Application of the integral investigation method in Milano (DIIAR, TPS, LAG)

INCORE Case Study CS4: Landeshaupstadt Stuttgart

INCORE Case Study CS5: Fingerprinting at Strasbourg Site Plaine des Bouchers

INCORE Case Study CS6: Port-aux-Petroles Strasbourg Charecterisation of a Mineral Oil Contamination

INCORE Guideline G1: Guidance for Completion of Data Inventories

Integrated Concept for Groundwater Remediation (INCORE): Guideline for Completion of Data Inventories


Data Inventories template

Incore Linz Database

Incore Milano, Strasbourg, Stuttgart database

Incore Gis Projects (Linz, Milano, Strasbourg, Stuttgart)

Report: Integral Groundwater Investigation

Report: Delimiting Source Zones

Report: Localisation and Identification of Contaminant Sources

Report: Health Risk Assessment

Report: Natural Attenuation

Report: Integral Remediation Concepts
Funding Programme(s): 
EC Framework Programme 5
Link to Organisations:
Submitted by: EUGRIS Team Dr Martin Bittens  Who does what?  02/07/2004 13:10:00
Updated by: EUGRIS Team Professor Paul Bardos  Who does what?  03/10/2006 11:55:00