Title: No perfect tools: Trade-offs of sustainability principles and user requirements in designing tools supporting land-use decisions between greenfields and brownfields 
Resource Type: document --> technical publication --> journal article 
Country: European Union 
Language(s): English
Year: 2015 
Author 1/Producer: Stephan Bartke 
Other Authors/Producers: Reimund Schwarze 
Author / Producer Type: University research group / research institute 
Journal: Journal of Environmental Management 
Journal Web Link: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-environmental-management  
Start Page: 11 
End Page: 24 
Volume: 153 
Publisher: Elsevier 
Publisher web link (root): http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301479715000560
Article Weblink (=direct link): http://www.timbre-project.eu/tl_files/timbre/Intern/4 Work P ...  
Format (e.g. PDF): PDF 
EUGRIS Keyword(s): Brownfields
Contaminated land-->Contaminated land overview
Contaminated land-->Cost benefit analysis-->Cost benefit analysis overview
Contaminated land-->Cost benefit analysis-->Financial risk assessment
Contaminated land-->Cost benefit analysis-->Tools
Contaminated land-->funding
Contaminated land-->Information management systems-->Information management systems overview
Contaminated land-->management&admin
Contaminated land-->Mega-sites
Contaminated land-->policy and regulatory
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Risk benefit analysis
Contaminated land-->Wider impacts / sustainability-->Sustainable / green remediation
Diffuse pollution-->Regulation
Groundwater protection-->Planning-->Land use measures
Groundwater protection-->Planning-->Planning overview
Water resources and their management -->Costs, benefits and sustainability
Short description: Highlights • We illuminate Sustainability Assessment Tools' (SATs) role in land-use management. • Key sustainability assessment principles that SATs have to trade off are revisited. • Key user groups and their requirements that SATs have to trade off are assessed. • Trade-offs between principles and requirements are revealed for 3 typical SATs. • There is a need to focus tool design to limited and selected principles or users. 
Long description: The EU Soil Thematic Strategy calls for the application of sustainability concepts and methods as part of an integrated policy to prevent soil degradation and to increase the re-use of brownfields. Although certain general principles have been proposed for the evaluation of sustainable development, the practical application of sustainability assessment tools (SATs) is contingent on the actual requirements of tool users, e.g. planners or investors, to pick up such instruments in actual decision making. We examine the normative sustainability principles that need to be taken into account in order to make sound land-use decisions between new development on greenfield sites and the regeneration of brownfields – and relate these principles to empirically observed user requirements and the properties of available SATs. In this way we provide an overview of approaches to sustainability assessment. Three stylized approaches, represented in each case by a typical tool selected from the literature, are presented and contrasted with (1) the norm-oriented Bellagio sustainability principles and (2) the requirements of three different stakeholder groups: decision makers, scientists/experts and representatives of the general public. The paper disentangles some of the inevitable trade-offs involved in seeking to implement sustainable land-use planning, i.e. between norm orientation and holism, broad participation and effective communication. It concludes with the controversial assessment that there are no perfect tools and that to be meaningful the user requirements of decision makers must take precedence over those of other interest groups in the design of SATs. 
Link to Project(s): timbre timbre – An Integrated Framework of Methods, Technologies, Tools and Policies for Improvement of Brownfield Regeneration in Europe
Link to Organisation(s): UFZ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ
Link to Funding: EC FP7: Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development.
Submitted By: Stephan Bartke WhoDoesWhat?      Last update: 23/02/2015

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