Title: Risks to Health and the Environment Related to the Use of Lead in Products 
Resource Type: document --> technical publication --> report 
Country: Netherlands 
Year: 2005 
Availability: TNO report STB-01-39 (Final), DG ENTR. Contract no. ETD/00/503273 
Author 1/Producer: European Commission 
Other Authors/Producers: TNO 
Author / Producer Type: Agency, regulator or other governmental or inter-governmental body 
Publisher: TNO 
Publisher City: Schoemakerstraat 97 P.O. Box 6030 2600 JA Delft 
Report / download web link (=direct link): http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/chemicals/docs/studies/tno-le ...  
Format (e.g. PDF): PDF 
Size: (e.g. 20mb) 600 
EUGRIS Keyword(s): Contaminated land-->Contaminants-->Heavy metals
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Exposure pathways
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Receptor: Ecological
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Receptor: Human health
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Risk assessment overview
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Sources
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Toxicological information
Contaminated land-->Soil and groundwater processes-->Soil and groundwater processes overview
Short description: Extract: The Commission’s Services have decided to launch a study into the risks of the present remaining uses of lead over time as an input to a discussion on the need for a further reduction of the use of this material. TNO was asked to perform this study. The following elements have been addressed: • Effect assessment: derivation of NOAELs (human) and NOAECs (environment); see Chapter 2; • An inventory of lead uses, trends and emissions in the EU, divided by product group; see Chapter 3; • Preliminary risk assessment (see Chapter 4); • Overall summary and conclusions (see Chapter 5). It should be noted that the study is not meant as a comprehensive risk assessment. Its main goal is to map the current lead flows and emissions in the EU, and to give a preliminary insight into current and (due to time lags in dispersion) future potential risks. The main purpose of this study is therefore to indicate where questions with regard to risks are still outstanding rather than to unambiguously identify situations that could pose a risk. The main aim is to help the Commission’s Services to decide if a more comprehensive, formal risk assessment on lead is necessary. 
Link to Organisation(s): The Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research TNO
Submitted By: Professor Paul Bardos WhoDoesWhat?      Last update: 06/12/2006