Title: Assessment of Benefits and Costs of remedial actions (ABC Tool) 
Resource Type: software --> decision support tools 
Country: EU Projects 
Year: 2006 
Availability: The ABC Tool can be downloaded from the WELCOME Web Site 
Producers or distributor PURE Project Consortium 
Author / Producer Type: EC Project 
Web link for product information: http://www.euwelcome.nl/kims/tools/index.php?index=110  
EUGRIS Keyword(s): Contaminated land-->Cost benefit analysis-->Tools
Contaminated land-->Remediation options-->Ex situ treatment technologies
Contaminated land-->Remediation options-->Excavation
Contaminated land-->Remediation options-->In situ treatment technologies
Contaminated land-->Remediation options-->MNA
Contaminated land-->Remediation options-->Passive and hydraulicContainment
Contaminated land-->Remediation options-->Permeable reactive barriers
Contaminated land-->Remediation options-->Recycling/reuse
Contaminated land-->Remediation options-->Remediation options overview
Contaminated land-->Wider impacts / sustainability-->Assessment tools
Contaminated land-->Wider impacts / sustainability-->Economic
Contaminated land-->Wider impacts / sustainability-->Environmental
Short description: In Europe, industrial sites are often operational for a long time and unravelling their history is not always easy. Moreover, combinations of multiple contaminants in a complex sub-surface exist quite regularly. To obtain more insight into options for remediation techniques and their cost-effectiveness, a decision-support tool has been developed, called: ABC or assessment of benefits and costs. It is seen as a technical tool to identify and examine the feasibility of different remediation techniques, in particular to highlight possibilities for alterative approaches to conventional techniques. It is seen as a communication tool improve the discussion between stakeholders about remediation options and their comparative benefits. It is seen as a learning tool and an economic tool to evaluate cost-effectiveness, duration and use of space. 
Long description: The ABC tool consists of 3 modules: Assessment: the feasibility of remediation techniques combined with different subsurface circumstances and with different contaminants can be determined for a specific site Benefits: environmental load and merit of the techniques are determined Costs: average costs per country are gathered per technique Benefits are evaluated using Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) on a cradle to the grave basis. Also environmental merit (leaned medium times a clean-up factor) duration and deployment of space are included. Cost data and output encompass a cost estimation for each technique by country. Cost data are relatively coarse because they are specific to countries and also highly site-specific. Output of the ABC tool is a set of tables and graphics with information about: Energy Resource requirements Emissions (hazardous and nonhazardous) waste Results on 'environmental score', time duration, deployment of space, costs and additional expert remarks are also displayed in the output. The decision-maker at the plant operational level can start with the decision analysis activity once an overview of information relevant to the nature of the decisions is available. A fast simple assessment must be made in the first phase of the project, resulting in a risk, benefit and cost analysis. The remediation will be optimised in terms of technical, financial and timing criteria and to meet both internal and external constraints. 
Link to Project(s): PURE Protection of Groundwater Resources at Industrially Contaminated Sites
Link to Organisation(s): The Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research TNO
Submitted By: Professor Paul Bardos WhoDoesWhat?      Last update: 28/09/2006