Title: How far and how the computer can support the decision making process? 
Resource Type: document --> technical publication --> proceedings / conference paper(s) 
Country: EU Projects 
Year of publication: 2004 
Availability: Deroubaix, J.F., Chouli, E., Carré, C. 
Author 1/Producer: Deutsch, J.C. 
Other Authors/Producers: Deroubaix, J.F., Chouli, E., Carré, C. 
Author / Producer Type: EC Project 
Report / download web link (=direct link): http://daywater.enpc.fr/www.daywater.org/REPORT/Publications ...  
Format (e.g. PDF): PDF 
EUGRIS Keyword(s): Diffuse pollution-->Diffuse pollution overview
 
Short description: This communication does not intend to answer this question in general, but gives some elements through an example. It is drawn from the work in the European R&D project called DayWater (Adaptive decision support system for the integration of stormwater source control into sustainable urban water management strategies), which addresses the problem of source control pollution of urban stormwater in Europe. As this is an environmental problem, it means that decision-making to implement policies and equipment is made through the negotiation between numerous stakeholders and on different levels of the project. During the course of development and implementation of the Adaptive Decision Support System (ADSS), the following questions have been raised: • Is there a similarity of the decision-making process in Europe concerning the field of urban water management, • What kind of distribution of knowledge must be used between the support system, outside knowledge tools, and local knowledge of the user, • Is the guidance of the user (through a questions and answer profile) necessary? Should there be a pre-selection of information through profile-deducted functionalities? • What is a suitable and attractive user interface (e.g. graphical presentation vs. questionnaire)? These issues are discussed on the basis of end-users characteristics. Within DayWater the endusers are technicians involved in the promotion of source control pollution, like engineers in sanitary, road, green space or environmental departments, urban planners or developer, landscape architects, equipment salesmen or provider. The criteria used for characterisation cover the following fields: • Type of problem: general information, planning, design, implementation, maintenance, evaluation • Type of context: size of the city, type of urban policy, sensibility of the citizens to environmental problems. • Type of system: management of sewer systems. This characterisation led to the following choices : the ADSS will offer two levels of use and four functions. 
Submitted By: Dr Stefan Gödeke WhoDoesWhat?      Last update: 14/02/2006