Title: An Assessment of the potential impact of the Gothenburg Protocol on surface water chemistry using the dynamic MAGIC model at acid sensitive sites in the UK. 
Resource Type: document --> technical publication --> journal article 
Country: EU Projects 
Year: 2001 
Availability: Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Vol. 5, No. 3, 529-541. 
Author 1/Producer: Jenkins, A. 
Other Authors/Producers: Cullen J. 
Author / Producer Type: EC Project 
Publisher: Copernicus 
Article Weblink (=direct link): http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/5/529/2001/hess-5-529-2 ...  
Format (e.g. PDF): PDF 
EUGRIS Keyword(s): Contaminated land-->Wider impacts / sustainability-->Environmental
Contaminated land-->Wider impacts / sustainability-->Sustainable / green remediation
Diffuse pollution-->Diffuse pollution overview
Diffuse pollution-->Monitoring
Water resources and their management -->Stresses, quality and ecological status
Water resources and their management -->Water resources and their management Overview
 
Short description: The MAGIC model has been calibrated for 12 sites in the UK using best available data. It successfully simulates observed changes in major ions and acid neutralising capacity over the period 1988 to 2000. Predictions for the future are made assuming deposition at current level compared to reduced sulphur and nitrogen emission agreed under the Gothenburg Protocol (significant reductions in sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and ammonia by 2010). Uncertainty is assessed using best and worst cases of nitrogen leaching. The results support the need to reduce emissions in comparison with poresent day levels to prevent continued surface water acidification. If the requirements of the Gothenburg Protocol are achieved a recovery in acid neutralising capacity should occcur at all sites. Differences between ‘best’ and ‘worst’ case nitrate leaching are relatively small, emphasising the need to achieve the sulphur reductions in the shorter term. In the longer term further reduction of nitrogen emissions would be likely to be required. 
Link to Project(s): RECOVER:2010 Predicting recovery in acidified freshwaters by the year 2010 and beyond
 
Submitted By: Dr Stefan Gödeke WhoDoesWhat?      Last update: 29/06/2007