Title: Review of Ecotoxicological and Biological Test Methods for the Assessment of Contaminated Land 
Resource Type: document --> technical publication --> methodology description 
Country: United Kingdom 
Year: 2002 
Availability: Product code: STRP300-E-E 
Author 1/Producer: Environment Agency 
Other Authors/Producers: M Crane, G Byrns' 
Author / Producer Type: Agency, regulator or other governmental or inter-governmental body 
Publisher: Environment Agency, Bristol, UK. 
Report / download web link (=direct link): http://publications.environment-agency.gov.uk/pdf/STRP300-e- ...  
Format (e.g. PDF): PDF 
Size: (e.g. 20mb) 1.4 
EUGRIS Keyword(s): Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Receptor: Ecological
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Tools and procedures
Contaminated land-->Site investigation-->Methods
 
Short description: This is one of two desk studies performed within the Environment Agency and Scottish and Northern Ireland Forum for Environmental Research (SNIFFER) project ‘Ecotoxicological and Biological Test Methods for the Assessment of Contaminated Land: Stage 1 – Review of Appropriate Tests and Applications.’ This report critically reviews the national and international literature for biological and ecotoxicological test methods and their applications. The major approaches to ecotoxicological and other biological testing of soils are discussed, beginning with tests at the molecular and biochemical levels of biological organisation, progressing through sublethal and lethal tests on individual organisms, and ending with tests and surveys on assemblages of organisms in microcosms and the field. The United States Environmental Protection Agency databases ‘Terretox’ and ‘Phytotox’ are also used to identify the species most frequently tested in terrestrial ecotoxicology. The review discusses the performance of soil tests, plus sampling and statistical strategies that should be used when assessing the toxicity of contaminated soils. Finally, recommendations are made on ecotoxicity and other biological methods that may be of use to the Environment Agencies and methods that could become useful if more effort was invested in their development. 
Long description: ISBN 1 85705 849 6 
Link to Organisation(s): Environment Agency (England and Wales)
 
Submitted By: Dr Denise Lambkin WhoDoesWhat?      Last update: 22/04/2008