The Environment Agency (the Agency) was established on 1 April, 1996 from the merging of the National Rivers Authority, Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Pollution
and the Local Waste Regulation Authorities. The Agency is responsible for the protection and management of the environment in England and Wales by combining
the regulation of land, air and water.
The Agency is structured into eight regions, each with its own area offices and employs in excess of 11,000 staff.
The Agency's functions are extensive. They include pollution control,
waste regulation, water resources management, flood defence, fisheries,
conservation and navigation. Agency staff work with local government and
other regulators on matters such as planning, air pollution, public
health and occupational safety to ensure coherent regulation. They also
work with many conservation bodies, voluntary groups and
non-governmental organisations in order to achieve common goals. Most
projects are done in-house, but some R&D projects that support EA
business are funded by tender. EA also contributes funds to some NERC
thematic programmes and funds fellowships and studentships.