ESPREME Integrated assessment of heavy metal releases in Europe
| Country: EU Projects
| Start Date:
Project Type: RTD
| Contract Number: 502527
| Organisation Type:
Contaminated land-->Contaminants-->Heavy metals
Contaminated land-->Cost benefit analysis-->Cost benefit analysis overview
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Exposure pathways
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Models
Contaminated land-->Soil and groundwater processes-->Modelling
Contaminated land-->Wider impacts / sustainability-->Economic
Contaminated land-->Wider impacts / sustainability-->Environmental
Contaminated land-->Wider impacts / sustainability-->Sustainable / green remediation
Diffuse pollution-->Contaminants-->Contaminants overview
| Project objectives:
The aim of ESPREME was to develop methods and to identify strategies to support EU environmental policy-making for reducing the emissions and thus the harmful
impacts of heavy metals (HMs). The core aim of the research was to carry out damage assessment considering heavy metals to the environment and human health in
the long term. The priority metals mercury, cadmium, lead, nickel, arsenic and chromium have been covered.
The following tasks have been carried out
Consolidation, improvement and provision of European wide emission data of the heavy metals considered.
Systematic collection of data on possibilities to reduce emissions. Data on costs and effectiveness of abatement options have been collected as well as
stock and activity data and emission factors for 2000 and 2010.
Improvement of models for the transport of HM in air, soil and water and their application to simulate the transport of HM in these media; modeling results
have been evaluated vs. measurement data.
Collection of information on exposure-response relationships for human health as well as on thresholds for damages to ecosystems.
Assessment of avoided damage from HM exposure by transferring monetary values from available contingent valuation studies.
Estimation of the health impacts and of the exceedances of critical loads for ecosystems for two scenarios for 2010: a business as usual scenario (BAU), and
a maximum feasible technical reduction (MFTR) scenario where a number of economically feasible technical measures have been implemented in addition to those
already implemented in the BAU scenario.
Estimation of overall damage costs per country and of country specific costs per t of HM released.
| Achieved Objectives:
| Product Descriptions:
1. Publishable final activity report : Estimation of willingness-to-pay to reduce risks of exposure to heavy metals and cost-benefits analysis for reducing
heavy metals occurrence in Europe.
2. Source-sector analysis and evaluation report Main sources of HM emissions and analysis of the contribution of emissions from these sources to the total
emissions of heavy metals in Europe. The purpose of this analysis was to provide the information needed for the assessment of the potential for heavy metal emission
reductions in Europe, and emission scenarios for the target year 2010.
3. Synthesis Report on Potential and Costs of Abatement Options for Heavy Metals in Europe: Development of the ESPREME metal emission abatement options
database relevant to the analysis of estimation of willingness-to-pay to reduce risks of exposure to the ESPREME metals. From the created database the part
related to the emission reduction methods which might be specially recommended for practical use was separated.
4. Further development, application and model results of the athmosperic dispersion model of MSC-East: Description of the chemical transport model MSCE-HM,
that was used to model the atmospheric dispersion and review of major modifications and improvements performed within the framework of the project. Modelling
results are presented and compared to measurements.
5. Model development and application for water/soil long term modelling: Performance of water and soil long term modelling by following the impact pathway
through the environmental media water and soil. In addition, the exposure to human beings as well as to ecosystems was assessed in order to estimate human health
and ecotoxicological impacts which then were monetised and given as external costs.
6. Exposure response functions for HM impacts on human health: This report describes the exposure-response information that is available for human health
effects arising from exposure to arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury and nickel. An information search was undertaken to identify the various health
effects that may be associated with each metal, the strength of evidence linking individual metals to individual effects and information linking exposure
7. Exposure-response-functions for HM impacts on ecosystems and crops: The objective of this study is a literature survey related to willingness to pay
to reduce HM emissions. In the case of impacts to ecosystems some methods are discussed and the Ecotax method is presented with resulting values for ecological
8. Report on CEA/CBA results for selected HM abatement strategies: Within ESPREME the damage caused by the releases of heavy metals to the environmental
media has been estimated for 2 emission scenarios and in a further step transferred into monetary values, the damage costs. In addition, marginal damage costs
(per ton of HM emitted) have been calculated and are presented here for different discounting schemes.
9. Joint overview report and comparison of available methods and models for macroeconomic assessment: Four macro-economic models (GEM-E3, GTAP-E, NEMESIS
and E3ME) and their environmental moduls are presented and compared to assess their usefulness in the ESPREME framework. Requirements on extensions of the
models (both concerning the geographical scale and the pollutants considered) are discussed.
| Additional Information:
| Project Resources:
Joint overview report and comparison of available methods and models for macroeconomic assessment
ESPREME: Model development and application for water/soil long term modelling
| Funding Programme(s):
EC FP7: Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development.
EC Framework Programme 6
| Link to Organisations:
Professor Paul Bardos
Who does what?
Professor Paul Bardos
Who does what?