Further description:- European Union  Brownfields 

Glossary Entry:- European Union  Brownfields
Brownfield sites are sites that have been affected by the former uses of the site and surrounding land, 
are derelict or underused, may have real or perceived contamination problems, are mainly in developed
urban areas and require intervention to bring them back to beneficial use.
Overview
Under Development
1. General Approach
There is widespread recognition of the challenge posed by deindustrialisation and demilitirarisation. 
The social and economic impacts of land being abandoned in an unsable condition, whether with or without
environmental degradation, is being felt throughout the EU. Although definitions of what consititutes a brownfield site vary, policy approaches to bring
them back into beneficial use are being developed and implemented across Europe.
 
2. Policy and Regulation
2.1 Policy
EU and national policy is shifting to promoting regeneration of derelict and underused sites and 
away from urban sprawl and development on greenfield sites.
 
2.2 Regulation
There are no specific brownfield regulations anywhere in the EU.  Regulation is through the normal 
spatial planning system. Many countries do have approaches to ensure the regeneration of (often
urban) areas - which de facto have large swathes of brownfield land within them.
 
3. Funding
Site Project Funding


 
        
R&D funding
The Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP
Research Type: Applied, Demonstration

Topics: The Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP) aims to encourage the competitiveness of European enterprises. With small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) as its main target, the programme will support innovation activities (including eco-innovation), provide better access to finance and deliver business support services in the regions. It will encourage a better take-up and use of information and communications technologies (ICT) and help to develop the information society. It will also promote the increased use of renewable energies and energy efficiency. The programme will run from 2007 to 2013. The CIP is divided into three operational programmes: 1 Entrepreneurship and Innovation Programme (EIP) 2 Information Communication Technologies Policy support Programme (ICT PSP) 3 Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE)

Submitted by: Professor Paul Bardos  Who does what?

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EC Framework Programme 5
Research Type: Basic, Demonstration

Topics: Quality of life and management of living resources . Budget: 2.413 million euros. Objective: to improve health, develop agro-industry and promote sustainable use of natural resources. 2) User-friendly information society . Budget: 3.6 billion euros. Objective: to develop information technology services for the citizen. 3) Competitive and sustainable growth . Budget: 2.705 million euros. Objective: to contribute to creating competitive European industry and sustainable transport systems and to support efficient, high-quality production. 4) Energy, environment and sustainable development . Budget: 2.125 million euros (of which 975 million for nuclear energy). Objective: to help to meet the environmental challenges and strike a balance between economic development and environmental sustainability.

Submitted by: Dr Stefan Gφdeke  Who does what?

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EC Framework Programme 6
Research Type: Basic, Demonstration

Topics: Life sciences, genomics and biotechnology for health Budget: 2.255 billion -Objective: to help Europe exploit breakthroughs achieved in decoding the genomes of living organisms, particularly for the benefit of public health and to increase the competitiveness of the European biotechnology industry. 2) Information society technologies Budget: 3.625 billion -Objective: to stimulate the development of both hardware and software technologies and applications to allow European citizens the possibility of benefiting fully from the development of the knowledge-based society. 3) Nanotechnologies, knowledge-based multifunctional materials, new production processes Budget: 1.300 billion -Objective: to help Europe achieve a critical mass of capacities to develop and exploit research into supramolecular architecture and macromolecules and their applications for chemistry, health, etc. 4) Aeronautics and space Budget: EUR 1.075 billion -Objective: to strengthen the scientific and technological bases of the European aeronautics and space industry with a view to improving safety and environmental protection. 5) Food safety and risks to health Budget: EUR 685 million -Objective: to establish the scientific and technological bases needed to produce and distribute safer, healthier and varied food. 6) Sustainable development, global change and ecosystems (including research in the area of energy and transport) Budget: EUR 2.120 billion -Objective: to implement sustainable development while integrating environmental, economic and social objectives, including renewable energies, transport and sustainable management of Europe's land and marine resources. 7) Citizens and governance in a knowledge-based society Budget: EUR 225 million -Objective: to mobilise European research capacities in economic, political, social sciences and humanities in order to build the knowledge-based society. 8) Specific activities covering a wider field of research Policy support and anticipating scientific and technological needs. Budget: EUR 555 million -Objective: to attain the fundamental objectives of the Community by underpinning the formulation and implementation of Community policies where it will not be possible to satisfy requirements under the thematic priorities. Horizontal research activities involving small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). Budget: EUR 430 million -Objective: to help European SMEs in traditional or new areas to boost their technological capacities and develop their ability on a European and international scale. Specific measures in support of international cooperation. Budget: EUR 315 million -Objective: to encourage international research cooperation in the developing countries, Mediterranean countries, including the western Balkans, Russia and the New Independent States (NIS). Non-nuclear activities of the Joint Research centre (JRC). Budget: EUR 760 million -Objective: to provide independent scientific and technical support in cooperation with scientific circles, national research organisations, universities and businesses in Europe.

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National programme - details yet to be uploaded
Research Type: Demonstration

Topics: This is a temporary entry for admin purposes

Submitted by: Mr Anthony Bardos  Who does what?

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EC Other programmes
Research Type: Applied, Basic, Demonstration

Topics: This is a temporary entry for admin purposes

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INTERREG III
Research Type: Applied, Demonstration

Topics: INTERREG IIIC co-operation activities can cover a wide range of themes closely related to regional development policy. Operations financed through INTERREG IIIC should aim to exchange experiences on activities supported under the regional and cohesion policies, thus contributing to their overall improvement and adding value to the European Union’s regional policy as a whole.

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EC Framework 4 Funding Programme FP4 of European Community activities in the field of research and technological development and demonstration, 1994-1998
Research Type: Applied, Basic, Demonstration

Topics: Objectives: To implement research and technological development (RTD) programmes and demonstration programmes by promoting cooperation with and between enterprises, research centres and universities; to promote cooperation in the field of Community RTD and demonstration with third countries and international organizations; to disseminate and optimize the results of Community RTD and demonstration activities; and to stimulate the training and mobility of researchers in the Community.

Submitted by: Professor Paul Bardos  Who does what?

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NICOLE Funding Scheme
Research Type: Applied, Basic, Demonstration

Topics: The project should contribute to the aims and strategy of NICOLE. The aims of the network are to: (1) provide a European forum for the dissemination and exchange of good practice, practical and scientific knowledge and ideas to manage contaminated land in a sustainable way; (2) stimulate coordinated, interdisciplinary projects on collaborative, problem oriented research and knowledge transfer to address identified needs; and (3) develop new relationships and strengthen existing relationships with other networks.

Submitted by: Professor Paul Bardos  Who does what?

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EC FP7: Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development.
Research Type: Applied, Basic, Demonstration

Topics: Cooperation - Collaborative research • Health • Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology • Information and Communication Technologies • Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies • Energy • Environment (including climate change) • Transport (including Aeronautics) • Socio-economic sciences and Humanities • Security • Space Ideas - European Research Council • Frontier research actions People - Human Potential, Marie Curie actions • Initial training of researchers - Marie Curie Networks • Life-long training and career development - Individual fellowships • Industry-academia pathways and partnerships • International dimension - outgoing and incoming fellowships, international cooperation scheme, reintegration grants • Excellence Awards Capacities - Research capacities • Research infrastructures • Research for the benefit of SMEs • Regions of Knowledge • Research Potential • Science in Society • Support to the coherent development of research policies • Specific activities of international cooperation Nuclear research and training • Fusion energy - ITER • Nuclear fission and radiation protection Joint Research Centre • Direct actions in Euratom • Non-nuclear actions

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LIFE+, the new Financial Instrument for the Environment
Research Type: Demonstration

Topics: With a budget of €2.143 billion, LIFE+ is a limited but focused funding instrument providing specific support for the development and implementation of Community environmental policy and legislation, in particular the objectives of the 6th EAP (Decision 1600/2002/EC) and resulting thematic strategies. It comprises three components: LIFE+ Nature & Biodiversity LIFE+ Environment Policy & Governance LIFE+ Information & Communication

Submitted by: Professor Paul Bardos  Who does what?

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LIFE+ Financial Instrument for the Environment
Research Type: Demonstration

Topics: nature and biodiversity environment policy and governance information and communication.

Submitted by: Professor Paul Bardos  Who does what?

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HORIZON 2020
Research Type: Applied, Basic, Demonstration

Topics: This is the overarching RTD programme for the European Union and a broad range of topics are covered over multiple programmes 'Horizon 2020 is the biggest EU Research and Innovation programme ever with nearly €80 billion of funding available over 7 years (2014 to 2020) – in addition to the private investment that this money will attract. It promises more breakthroughs, discoveries and world-firsts by taking great ideas from the lab to the market.'

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Specific research, technological development and demonstration programme in the field of cooperation with third countries and international organizations, 1994-1998
Research Type: Applied, Demonstration

Topics: This specific programme constitutes the Second Activity of the Fourth Framework Programme, 'Cooperation with third countries and international organizations'. International S&T cooperation conducted by the Community will be coordinated both centrally in this programme and through provisions in the other specific programmes enabling European third countries, not covered by the EEA, to participate in their research activities. In addition, the programme will incorporate non-nuclear cooperation activities and the cooperation activities developed in earlier Framework Programmes, as well as the APAS. The envisaged activities will aim at strengthening international cooperation on RTD with third countries so as to enhance the effectiveness of Community RTD, to improve the Community's scientific and technological base and to support the implementation of other Community policies. Efforts are also made to step up the coordination of S&T cooperation between the Member States and third countries, in order to avoid duplication of effort and to better define the Community's areas of competence on the basis of the subsidiarity principle. Cooperation is based on the principle of mutual benefit. In addition to the direct or short-term advantage gained during the life of the action, projects must also demonstrate long-term or indirect advantages to the Community.

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Market Information


 
    
4: Management tools / decision support and guidance

No further information available

5. Authors


 
    
6. Acknowledgements
paul.nathanail@nottingham.ac.uk  
www.cabernet.org.uk