Further description:- Hungary  Information management systems 

Glossary Entry:- Hungary  Information management systems
A computer program (consisting of data storage systems, software and services, providing automated 
networked storage solutions ) that lets one or more computer users create and access data in a database.
Overview
The Hungarian “National Environmental Information System” (OKIR) integrates and links together 
more than 20 environmental information systems. The central element of OKIR is the “Basic Environmental
Registry” (KAR) that is the common base for the storage of basic and universally used data, and it links
the individual ISs together. The most important EUGRIS related ISs are: - Remediation Information System (KÁRINFO) - Environmental Register of Ground waters and Geological Formations (FAVI) - Soil Protection Information and Monitoring System (TIM) - Waste Management Information System (HIR) - Water Quality Damage Prevention GIS System (VIKÁR) - Environment Safety Information System (KBIR) - Environmental Contingency Database for public dissemination (KBIR-WEB) - Registration System of the management and transport permissions of dangerous wastes (KEZELŐ)
1. General Approach
Environmental Register of Ground waters and Geological Formations (FAVI)    
FAVI collects, registers, processes and supplies data and information on ground waters and geological 
formations: - Administrative and identification data; - Information on organisations whose activities endanger, burden, pollute or damage the ground
waters or geological formations (permitted activities); - Countrywide information of the pollution sources, polluted sites and remediation actions - Requirements emerging from the environmental status; - Environmental protection actions. FAVI links together the pollution sources and the polluted sites by using the Environmental Customer
Identification (KÜJ), and the Environmental Regional Identification (KTJ) numbers. FAVI is operated
by the Ministry of Environment and Water, the regional centres are the Inspectorates. National Registry Database of the National Environmental Remediation Programme (FAVI-KÁRINFO)
KÁRINFO System is a part of the FAVI system. It has two main tasks: - Data collection (pollution sources, polluted sites, remediation), and - Establishment of the National Priority List (NKPL). KÁRINFO deals with those areas where contaminations were detected or where potential pollution
sources are situated, endangering the soil and the groundwater. According to the actual stage of
a remediation process, three NPLs are provided by KÁRINFO: - NPL on contaminated areas before site investigation - NPL on contaminated areas after site investigation - NPL on contaminated areas after technical intervention. NPLs are based on a simplified relative risk estimation by evaluating the: - dangerousness and concentration of the pollutant(s) - size of the pollution in the soil and in the groundwater - natural protection - connection to the possible receptors. The calculation’s result is the priority value. The urgency of the next phase of remediation process
is defined by its situation in the NPL. Soil Protection Information and Monitoring System (TIM): http://www.ontsz.hu/ TIM aims to establish a modern agricultural management programme by assessing the objective status
of the soil and by tracing its changes continuously. Development of the monitoring system and observations
started in 1992 on 1200 monitoring station on agricultural, forested and other sensitive areas.
Physico-chemical and biological characteristics of each genetic layer were identified for all
monitoring points. Soil properties are examined at the beginning of the observations and 1, 3 or 6
years afterwards based on their changeability. Waste Management Information System (HIR) - http://geo.kvvm.hu/hir/ This system aims to collect regional waste management data, and to enable the comprehensive querying
of these data. Data content of this system is ensured by the 164/2003. (X. 18.) Governmental Decree.
It contains data on the origin, collection, preliminary treatment, disposal, and utilization of
wastes. The territory of Hungary is almost covered by HIR. Another important feature of HIR is that
it is based on the data of obliged regular data suppliers, it contains statistical estimates for the
produced total amount of waste in Hungary. Water Quality Damage Prevention GIS System (VIKÁR) The VIKÁR system provides fast information flow when water quality protection activities are
necessary by offering its internet- and intranet-based techniques. It is linked to the water quality
protection information system of the water authorities, and related environmental information
is also displayed. Környezetbiztonsági Információs Rendszer – KBIR Environmental Contingency Database for public dissemination – KBIR-WEB http://kbir.kvvm.hu/mainmenu.jsp?lang=hu
The LXXXI. Law (2001) declares the Aarhus Convention. This Hungarian Law gave the basis of the development
of the web-based Environmental Contingency Registry System (KBIR-WEB) to give access the general
public to the main environmental contingency information in Hungarian and in English. Registration System of the management and transport permissions of dangerous wastes (KEZELŐ)
 
2. Policy and Regulation
2.1 Policy
General rules of environmental protection are set in the 53/1995 law. Its 49. § (1) section obliges 
the Environmental Minister to follow the state and use of the environment resources and to collect,
process and register the environmental stress and pressures in the National Environmental Information
System (OKIR). The 64. § (1) section of the same Law states that the data processing and reference tasks
of OKIR belong to the environment protection administration, and requires the briefing of local
governments, governmental bodies and general public. http://www.kvvm.hu/dokumentum.php?content_id=156
(summary) http://www.kvvm.hu/cimg/documents/1995.__vi_LIII._t_rv_ny_
(Word document) The 81. Law (2001) declared the Aarhus Convention (1998. június 25). http://www.kvvm.hu/szakmai/eper/docs/lxxxi_2001.pdf
(pdf document)
 
2.2 Regulation
The 219/2004. (VII. 21.) Governmental Decree on the protection of ground waters has replaced the 
33/2000 (III.17.) Governmental Decree. This new decree regulates the tasks and responsibilities
to achieve (i) the good status and sustainability of ground waters; (ii) the gradual decrease and
prevention of pollutions of ground waters, (iii) sustainable water use of ground water resources,
and (iv) the remediation of geological agent. Chapter 9 describes the registration system. http://www.kvvm.hu/szakmai/karmentes/jogszab/jogszab12/219
The 164/2003. (X. 18.) Governmental Decree regulates the waste related registry and data providing
obligations. http://www.kvvm.hu/dokumentum.php?content_id=180 (summary) http://www.kvvm.hu/cimg/documents/164_2003_Korm.rendelet_a
(Word document) The 102/1996. (VII. 12.) Governmental Decree regulates the data providing obligations on the
formations of dangerous wastes.
 
3. Funding
Site Project Funding


 
        
R&D funding
No further funding information available on the EUGRIS system
Market Information


 
    
4: Management tools / decision support and guidance

No further information available

5. Authors


 
    
6. Acknowledgements