Hungary:-  Statistics and related

Glossary Entry
Hungary is located in Central Europe, in the Carpathian Basin surrounded by the Carpathians, the 
Alps and the Dinara Mountains. Hungary was founded in 1000. Population of Hungary is 10 million. The
territory of the country is 93,030 square kilometres, covering about 1 percent of Europe. The biggest
lake in Hungary and in Central Europe is Lake Balaton with a surface area of 593 km2. Almost three quarters
of the territory of the country is low plain, one fifth is hilly (maximum altitude: 400 metres), and
approximately 5% of the total territory of the country is mountainous (400 -1000 metres)
Hungary overview: Management of contaminated land and water


Hungary overview: Statistics and related

The most fundamental task of the Hungarian National Environmental Remediation Programme (NERP) is the comprehensive, countrywide assessment of lasting environmental damages and identification of pollution sources. This consists of the elaboration and further development of a geographical information system called Remediation Information System (RIS) integrating information on the contaminated areas, and on the pollution sources endangering, contaminating and damaging the groundwater and the geological media. RIS is part of the Register System of Groundwater and Geological Media (ERGGM). In course of the countrywide assessment, the exploration of pollution sources under both state- and non-state responsibility are carried out. RIS is only the final appearance form of the results that are based on the collection and processing of data from various organizations (ministries, central or regional authorities, institutes, etc.). Data of earlier surveys and historical research have also a great significance in the information collection process.

The national inventory

Purpose of the National Inventory within the frame of countrywide tasks of NERP:

Assessment of pollution sources/polluted areas requires extensive, detailed work relying on unitary principles of collecting and processing of data. The purpose of the development was to elaborate a database, which opens the door to determine and rank the tasks of remediation by continuous data-processing and analyses. The assessment inventorizes all pollution sources endangering the groundwater and the geological media in Hungary, without reference to liability.

The environmental province’s system called ERGGM inheres the RIS, what national GIS-based system is accessible only at the Ministry for Environment and Water (MoEW), the VITUKI Kht and at the regional environmental authorities.

Data-gathering takes place in a datasheet system which includes consecutive datasheets containing detailed and expedient information (ASZF→B1→B2→B3). During data-gathering the goal is analysing the site, the contamination and the pollutants, environmental elements, besides specifying the basic, identifying information.
RIS system follows every modification up, and data can be only logically deleted.

Some hallmarks of the RIS database:

 

Some national statistics

Facts about the NERP programme:

 

The following summary statistics were compiled by querying the KÁRINFO (RIS) database (2004):

County
Number of operated
polluted sites
Number of abandoned polluted sites
Number of closed, remedied polluted sites

Grand
total

Industrial
Waste disposal
Other
Industrial
Waste disposal
Other
Industrial
Waste disposal
Other

Bács-Kiskun

18

56

1437

5

10

218

1

2

16

1763

Baranya

17

1

621

10

0

235

1

0

100

985

Békés

38

29

945

19

27

222

0

2

5

1287

Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén

37

135

1201

17

10

565

0

0

6

1971

Budapest

46

5

459

11

0

102

3

0

15

641

Csongrád

17

2

511

4

0

92

0

0

2

628

Fejér

46

7

623

6

5

188

4

0

81

960

Győr-Moson-Sopron

17

10

599

7

7

244

0

0

7

891

Hajdú-Bihar

50

0

931

17

1

176

5

0

12

1192

Heves

11

6

515

6

0

258

0

0

3

799

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok

38

1

643

3

1

129

7

0

11

833

Komárom-Esztergom

23

18

531

20

22

317

0

0

22

953

Nógrád

8

4

258

1

1

277

0

0

1

550

Pest

70

16

1229

17

9

393

1

1

14

1750

Somogy

2

2

503

5

0

193

0

0

26

731

Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg

38

9

945

25

5

315

10

0

24

1371

Tolna

6

1

325

2

0

89

5

0

34

462

Vas

20

11

591

8

5

176

0

0

7

818

Veszprém

23

29

904

16

5

347

3

0

55

1382

Zala

28

8

464

9

7

159

3

0

1

679

Total:

553

350

14235

208

115

4695

43

5

442

20646

 

Useful Web Links

Getting rid of an unwanted heritage
http://www.kvvm.hu/szakmai/karmentes/kiadvanyok/remediation2002/remediation2003.htm (English)
http://www.kvvm.hu/szakmai/karmentes/kiadvanyok/okkptajekoztato2002/okkptajek2002.htm (Hungarian)

Hungarian EPER Database Search System (Hungarian)
http://emla.hu/cgi-bin/mapserv?map=/home/emla/maps/eper/prtr.map

 

Contact institutes:

Ministry of Environment and Water
Department for Water and Soil Protection
Address: 1011 Budapest, Fõ u. 44-50., Hungary
Mailing address: 1394 Budapest, Pf. 351, Hungary
Phone number: +36-1-457-3585

VITUKI Kht.
Environment Assessment and Remediation Department
Address: 1095 Budapest, Kvassay J. út 1., Hungary
Phone number: +36-1-215-6140 / 2222 ext.

List of Abbreviations

Abbreviation
Description

OKKP
(NERP)

Országos Környezeti Kármentesítési Program National
(Environmental Remediation Programme)
FAVI
(ERGGM)
Felszín alatti Víz és Földtani Közeg Nyilvántartási Rendszer
(Register System of Groundwater and Geological Media)
KÁRINFO
(RIS)
Kármentesítési Információs Rendszer
(Remediation Information System)
KvVM
(MoEW)
Környezetvédelmi és Vízügyi Minisztérium
(Ministry of Environment and Water)
VITUKI Kht

'VITUKI' Környezetvédelmi és Vízgazdálkodási Kutató Intézet
Állapotértékelési és Kármentesítési Szakágazat
(VITUKI Environmental and Water Management Research Institute
Environment Assessment and Remediation Department)

ASZF Alap SzennyezőForrás bejelentő lap
(Basic Pollution Source registration form)

 

 

Authors
No Author information available