Hungary:-  Policy and regulatory

Glossary Entry
Hungary is located in Central Europe, in the Carpathian Basin surrounded by the Carpathians, the 
Alps and the Dinara Mountains. Hungary was founded in 1000. Population of Hungary is 10 million. The
territory of the country is 93,030 square kilometres, covering about 1 percent of Europe. The biggest
lake in Hungary and in Central Europe is Lake Balaton with a surface area of 593 km2. Almost three quarters
of the territory of the country is low plain, one fifth is hilly (maximum altitude: 400 metres), and
approximately 5% of the total territory of the country is mountainous (400 -1000 metres)
Hungary overview: Policy

Hungary overview: Policy

(all downloadable files are only available in Hungarian)

General rules of environmental protection are set in the 53/1995 law that aims to develop harmonic relation of humans and the environment, the aligned protection of the environment as a whole, its elements and processes to ensure the long-term sustainability. The law contains the basic principles of the environmental protection, its toolkit, responsibilities, and the rules of the uniform protection of the environmental elements. (summary) (Word document)

The 55/1994 law on agricultural lands regulates the utilisation of agricultural lands, and their qualitative and quantitative protection. The owner/farmer of the agricultural land is obliged to order a soil assessment/evaluation report and based on this should ask for permit from the local/regional soil protection authority on soil utilisation methods. This permit declares the rules of the use of waste water, sludge and other non-dangerous wastes in agricultural activities, the basics of liquid manure spreading, water regulation activities, irrigation, and other soil protection and soil condition improvement works. Furthermore, the law enacts that the government develops and operates the national soil quality registry in the form of soil maps and other databases, and operates a monitoring, controlling and information system to detect the changes in soil quality.

The 57/1995 law on water management deals with the surface and groundwater, natural aquifers, surface water channels and riparian zones. It also regulates those activities that impact or alter the quality of waters or the structure of aquifers, the utilisation of waters, protection of water sustainability and water resources management. Finally, the law describes the principles of monitoring and assessment of waters, the data collection, processing, and distribution procedures, the assessment of the state of waters and research. (summary) (Word document)

The 49/2001 (IV. 3.) Governmental Decree on the protection of waters against agricultural nitrate pollution adopts the Nitrate Directive in the Hungarian legislation. This Decree determines the definition of nitrate sensitive areas, identify the nitrate sensitive areas, defines the principles of re-examination, and sets the unified, national action programme to protect waters. This action programme consists of 4-year-long periods. The Decree outlines those deadlines, when all operational or permitted animal farms have to comply with the Nitrate Directive. This Nitrate Decree also defines the aspects of control and dissemination, and disposes the reporting to EU. (summary) (Word document)

The 33/2000 (III.17.) Governmental Decree on tasks relating activities affecting the quality of waters aims to avoid the pressure load of groundwater, the prevention and abolition of soil contamination, reduction of limit exceeding pollution and impairment. It also regulates the set out of new regulations to meet the objectives of this Decree. It states that in any actions, the best available techniques have to be preferred. (summary) (Word document)

The 219/2004. (VII. 21.) Governmental Decree on the protection of ground waters has replaced the 33/2000 (III.17.) Governmental Decree. This new decree regulates the tasks and responsibilities to achieve (i) the good status and sustainability of ground waters; (ii) the gradual decrease and prevention of pollutions of ground waters, (iii) sustainable water use of ground water resources, and (iv) the remediation of geological agent.

Other important legislations:

Governmental Decrees

Government Decree No. 123/1997 (VII.18) on the protection of water resources, perspective water resources, hydraulic establishments

Governmental Decree No. 193/2001 (X.19.) on the detailed rules of the uniform permitting process of the environment use (in accordance with the 96/61/EC IPPC Directive) (summary) (Word document)

Government Decree No. 50/2001. (IV.3.) On the application and treatment of waste water and sludge in agricultural activities. (summary)

Government Decree No. 203/2001. (X.26.) On the orders of surface water quality protection. (summary) (Word document)

Government Decree No. 240/2000. (XII. 23.) on the identification of sensitive surface waters and their catchment areas to communal waste water treatment. (summary) (Word document)

Governmental Decision No. 2070/2001. (IV. 10.) on the protection of waters against agricultural nitrate pollution. This decision identify the necessary tasks to prepare and execute the action program set out in Governmental Decree No. 49/2001 (IV. 3.).


Government Decree No. 201/2001. (X.25.) On the quality standards and monitoring of drinking waters. (summary) (Word document)

Ministerial Decrees

KM-EM-FVM-KHVM Decree No. 10/2000. (VI.2.) On quality standards of groundwater and geological agent protection. (summary) (Word document)

KM Decree No. 49/2001. (II.28.) On the protection of waters against agricultural nitrate pollution (summary) (Word document)

KvVM Decree No. 3/2003. (III. 7.) On the utilization and control of Environmental Protection Foundation (EPF) budget estimates


Orders, Announcements

KvVM Order No. 8/2003. (K. rt. 4.) On the utilization of Environmental Protection Foundation (EPF) budget estimates

KM Announcement No. 2000. K. rt. 6. On the remediation actions with competency of the Minister of Environmental Protection

KViM Announcement No. 8004/2001. (K. Vi. rt. 19.) On the fulfillment of the 4, Section 8 of 33/2000. (III. 17.) Governmental Decree (On activities that affect the quality of groundwater)

Announcement of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development


Contact institutes:

Ministry of Environment and Water
Department for Water and Soil Protection
Address: 1011 Budapest, Fo u. 44-50., Hungary
Mailing address: 1394 Budapest, Pf. 351, Hungary
Phone number: +36-1-457-3585


List of Abbreviations

Környezetvédelmi alap célfeladatok
(Environmental Protection Foundation)
Környezetvédelmi és Vízügyi Minisztérium
(Ministry of Environment and Water)
FVM Földművelésügyi és Vidékfejlesztési Minisztérium
(Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development)
KöM Környezetvédelmi Minisztérium
(Ministry of Environmental Protection - former name of the Ministry)
EüM Egészségügyi Minisztérium
(Ministry of Health- former name of the Ministry)
KHVM Környezetvédelmi, Hírközlési és Vízügyi Minisztérium
(Ministry of Environment, Communication and Water - former name of the Ministry)
KöViM Környezetvédelmi és Vízügyi Minisztérium
(Ministry of Environment and Water - former name of the Ministry)



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