Germany:-  Funding

Glossary Entry
Germany is a Federal Republic with 16 states (Länder), founded in 1949. Located in the centre of Europe 
it is flanked by nine neighbouring states since the unification of the two German states in 1990. Germany
covers an area of 357,000 square kilometres. The longest distance from north to south as the crow flies
is 876 km, and from west to east, 640 km. With 83 million inhabitants Germany is one of the most densely-populated
countries in Europe. Capital is Berlin.
Germany overview: Funding/Financing

Germany overview: Funding/Financing

 

The German Federal funding system is based on an RTD programme “Research for the Environment” (in German “Forschung für die Umwelt”) initiated in September 1997. This programme regulates RTD initiatives taken by those Federal Ministries which are responsible for contaminated site related issues, such as:

 

·        Federal Ministry of Education and Research (www.bmbf.de)

·        Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (www.bmu.de)

·        Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Housing (www.bmv.de)

·        Federal Ministry of Defence (www.bmvg.de)

 

The Federal Ministries are supported by Federal Agencies, such as

 

·        Environment Agency (www.umweltbundesamt.de)

·        Agency for Spatial Planning of Federal Properties (www.bbr.bund.de)

·        Directorate for Financial Administration of Federal Properties (www.oberfinanzdirektion.de)

 

Moreover, there are Federal Foundations (www.dbu.de), which also fund specific cases for contaminated sites related RTD, if this is of public interest and supports SME’s. The Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) is responsible to organise and co-ordinate the federal funding programme, and to initiate specific RTD programmes on the federal level.

 

Federal research funding concerning soil and groundwater remediation has a long tradition. Since 1976, several environmental protection programmes have been realised. Until 2000, the BMBF has funded about 500 single projects with a total budget of about € 300 million. The overall budget for contaminated land, soil and groundwater related research of federal and provincial sources in Germany is in the range of  € 10 – 15 million per year.

 

To be considered for funding, R&D projects need to

 

·        address applied science for demand driven R&D priorities,

·        include new or improved concepts,

·        be interdisciplinary,

·        take cost/benefit evaluations into account.

 

Research activities were focussed on the following topics:

 

·        Risk assessment

·        Remediation technologies

·        Water- & waste treatment

·        Surface water protection and rehabilitation.

 

Recent BMBF funding measures include the priority areas:

 

·      Marine and polar research; geosciences

·      Research on global change: climate and atmospheric research, biodiversity research

·      Regional sustainability

·      Industry-related sustainability; integrated environmental technologies

           

The recent activities on waste management and remediation of contaminated sites are divided in three focus points:

 

·        Natural attenuation

·        Permeable reactive barriers for soil and groundwater remediation (project network RUBIN)

  • Quantitative infiltration analysis

 

Useful Web Links

 

Federal Ministry for Education and Research

www.bmbf.de

 

Federal Ministry for Education and Research – research funding overview

www.bmbf.de/de/361.php

 

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety

www.bmu.de

 

Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Housing

www.bmv.de

 

Federal Ministry of Defence

www.bmvg.de

 

Federal Environmental Agency

www.umweltbundesamt.de

 

Agency for Spatial Planning of Federal Properties

www.bbr.bund.de

 

Directorate for Financial Administration of Federal Properties

www.oberfinanzdirektion.de

 

German Federal Foundation for the Environment

www.dbu.de

 

 

List of Abbreviations

 

Abbreviation

Description

BMBF

Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung

BMU

Bundesministerium für Umwelt

DBU

Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt

 

List of Key Technical Terms

 

Term

Description

Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung

Ministry for Education and Research

Bundesministerium für Umwelt

Ministry for the Environment

Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt

German Federal Foundation for the Environment

 

 

 

Authors
Maike Hauschild
UBA, Germany

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