Further description:- France  Mega-sites 

Glossary Entry:- France  Mega-sites
Mega-sites are large scale contaminated sites, which pose a large potential or an actual risk of deterioration 
to groundwater, sediment, soil and surface-water quality. These expensive sites such as mine sites
and asbestos sites, require complicated and costly remediation. They are extremely complicated
cleanups that are resource intensive, have different sources, and can take years to remediate.
Historically, industries that are located on the same site or major industries covering large areas 
have created vast contaminated sites called megasites. These create specific problems for decision
makers, site and environmental managers, and remediation engineers.
1. General Approach
Megasites are contaminated sites with:  
•large surface areas (hundreds of thousands of square meters)  
•numerous (former or current) activities  
•numerous responsible parties  
•many planned uses  
Management of megasites requires:  
•a wide range of experience  
•a central coordinator  
•communication between the different decision-making levels 
2. Policy and Regulation
2.1 Policy
In France, the management of former megasites is coordinated by Public Land Management Authorities 
(Etablissements Publics Fonciers). The creation of EPF started in 1962. Six National EPF depend
on government funding for specific regions: •L’Agence Foncière et Technique de la Région Parisienne (AFTRP), created in 1962; •L’Etablissement Public Foncier de Normandie (EPF Normandie) created in 1968; •L’Etablissement Public Foncier de Lorraine (EPF Lorraine), created in 1973 •L’Etablissement Public Foncier de Lorraine (EPF Lorraine), created in 1990 •L’Etablissement Public de l’Ouest Rhône-Alpes (EPORA), created in 1998 •L’Etablissement Public Foncier Provence/Alpes/Côte d’Azur (EPF PACA), created in 2001 Seven local EPF were created in 1991: •EPF SMAF - Syndicat Mixte d’Action Foncière (Puy de Dôme) •EPAFAB - Etablissement Public d’Action Foncière d’Argenteuil-Bezons (Val d’Oise) •EPAG - Etablissement Public d’Aménagement de la Guyane •EPFR - Etablissement Public Foncier de la Réunion •EPFLRG - Etablissement Public Foncier Local de la région grenobloise •EPFLCC - Etablissement Public Foncier Local des Collectivités de Côte d’Or •EPFHS - Etablissement Public Foncier de Haute-Savoie There are also other local Agencies, under the auspices of the Departmental General Councils (Conseils
Générals): •l’AFDH - Agence Foncière Départementale de l’Hérault •l’AFD - Agence Foncière du Doubs Two agencies have been created to develop urban areas near the coast in Guadeloupe and Martinique.
Public information is essential for contaminated land management, especially when this involves
a megasite.
2.2 Regulation
EPF were created within the framework of the Urban Planning Code (Code de l'urbanisme - Article L300-1) 
of the land-use policy. Local EPF were created within the framework of the Urban Framework Law (July 13, 1991) modified
by the Law of December 13, 2001 concerning Solidarity and Urban Renewal. Public Land Management Authorities or Agencies are not-for-profit under the Law of 1901.
3. Funding
Site Project Funding
The national EPF are funded by the Taxe Spéciale d'Equipement (Special Development Tax). The local 
EPF in the departments are funded by the General Councils.
R&D funding
No further funding information available on the EUGRIS system
Market Information

4: Management tools / decision support and guidance

No further information available

5. Authors

6. Acknowledgements
Website of the EPF Lorraine