Denmark:-  Policy and regulatory

Glossary Entry
The Kingdom of Denmark is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy consisting of 
14 counties and the self-governing overseas administrative divisions Faroe Islands and Greenland
(see separate entries) Denmark covers an area of 43,094 square kilometres and has a population of
5.4 million. The capital is Copenhagen. In 1973, Denmark joined the European Economic Community
(now the European Union).
Further description author's instructions

Denmark overview: Policy


The Ministry of the Environment is in charge of administrative and research tasks in the area of environmental protection and planning. In Denmark, the administration at state level is managed by the Ministry of the Environment. At regional and local level, much of the administrative responsibility has been delegated to local governments in counties and municipalities.


The Ministry of the Environment was created in autumn 1971, when two ministries were merged. The Ministry employs more than 2500 people.


The Ministry has three agencies, one corporate management centre and two independent research institutes. Two independent appeal boards and one Environmental Assessment Institute are linked to the Ministry.




Management of contaminated sites is governed by the Contaminated Soil Act in force/Waste and soil in force/03050100.doc.


The purpose of this Act is to assist in the prevention, elimination, or reduction of soil contamination and the hindrance or prevention of the detrimental impact of soil contamination on groundwater, human health, and the environment.


In particular, the objectives of this Act are to:

1.      protect drinking water resources,

2.      prevent health problems due to use of contaminated areas,

3.      provide the basis for a co-ordinated and directed public effort to avoid detrimental effects from soil contamination,

4.      prevent the further pollution of the environment through the use and disposal of soil, and

5.      uphold the polluter as the primary party who shall take those  measures that are required to combat the impact of soil contamination and restore the original state of the environment.


This Act shall apply to soil which due to human impact may detrimentally affect the groundwater, human health, and the environment.


This Act shall not apply to soil affected by the spreading of sludge, fertiliser, and

pesticides, etc. for agricultural purposes.



Key Documents


Contaminated Soil Act, no. 370 of 02/06/1999

Lov om forurenet jord nr. 370 af 02/06/1999

English: in force/Waste and soil in force/03050100.doc



Bekendtgørelse om anmeldelse af flytning af forurenet jord og jord fra forureningskortlagte arealer og offentligt vejareal



Bekendtgørelse om lov om Miljøbeskyttelse



Consolidated Act on Water Supply etc. Consolidated Act No. 130 of 26/02/1999

Lovbekendtgørelse om lov om vandforsyning mv. LBK Nr.130 af 26/02/1999

English: in force/Aquatic environment in force/03020400.doc



Bekendtgørelse om indsatsplaner


Bekendtgørelse om vandkvalitet og tilsyn med vandforsyningsanlæg


Bekendtgørelse om udførelse og sløjfning af boringer og brønde på land


Lov om miljømål m.v. for vandforekomster og internationale naturbeskyttelsesområder (miljømålsloven)


Bekendtgørelse om karakterisering af vandforekomster, opgørelse af påvirkninger og kortlægning af vandressourcer



Useful Web Links


Retsinformation (”Legal Information”), the official on-line legal information system of the Danish State.




Danish Ministry of the Environment





Danish Environmental Protection Agency







Lars Kaalund
Information Centre on Contaminated Sites, Denmark

Who does what?