Environmental effects
These are environmental consequences which may be positive 
(benefit) or negative (impact). Risk management / remediation
is directed towards an environmental benefit (removal
of a hazard). However, the route taken to achieve this benefit
can have wider environmental effects.
In terms of the environmental element of sustainable development, 
a remediation projectís overall environmental performance
is the sum of the environmental elements of the core and non-core
aims of a remediation project. The core aims are those fixed
by the primary drivers and constraints of the project. Non-core
performance is related to wider environmental, economic
and social impacts and benefits. Wider environmental effects
might include a variety of components within categories
such as: aggravation factors, air and atmosphere; water
function, ground function; legacy; resource and energy
utilisation; and conservation.
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