Wider impacts / sustainability
The economic, social and environmental effects of contaminated 
land problems and their management, from the perspective
of achieving sustainable development.
The concept of sustainable development gained international 
governmental recognition at the United Nation’s Earth
Summit conference in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 (http://www.un.org/esa/earthsummit/).
Sustainable development has been defined as: “…. Development
that meets the needs of the present without compromising
the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”.
Underpinning this approach are three basic elements of
sustainable development: economic growth, environmental
protection and social progress. At a strategic level, the
remediation of contaminated sites supports the goal of
sustainable development by helping to conserve land as
a resource, preventing the spread of pollution to air, soil
and water, and reducing the pressure for development on
greenfield sites. However, remediation activities themselves
have their own environmental, social and economic impacts.
On a project-by-project basis, the negative impacts of
remediation should not exceed the benefits of the project.
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Policy and regulatory information
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