Put simply, contaminated land is land containing substances
at levels that would not normally be present. These substances
may be trace elements, organic compounds, gases such as
carbon dioxide or methane, or even plant nutrients like
nitrogen or phosphorous. The presence of these substances
at elevated levels may, or may not, be harmful. However,
contaminated land is most often used to describe land where
there is at least a suspicion that the contamination could
be harmful to humans, water, buildings, or ecosystems.
Countries may have specific legal definitions of contaminated
The remediation of contaminated sites are coordinated/ordered
by the Hungarian National Environmental Remediation Program
(NERP, Országos Környezetvédelmi Kármentesítési Program).
Stages of NERP are:
1. Short-term stage (1996/1997),
2. Medium-term stage (1998/2002)
3. Long-term stage (2003/2030) in alignment with the
National Environmental Programme, with six years schedules.
The following leading principles are governing the implementation
1. The principle of subsidiarity;
2. Sharing the work;
3. Uniform judgment;
4. Repeated review of decisions;
5. Compatibility with EU regulations.
See “Further Description” for more details.
Policy and regulatory information
Other country information