Contaminated land Germany
Put simply, contaminated land is land containing substances 
at levels that would not normally be present. These substances
may be trace elements, organic compounds, gases such as
carbon dioxide or methane, or even plant nutrients like
nitrogen or phosphorous. The presence of these substances
at elevated levels may, or may not, be harmful. However,
contaminated land is most often used to describe land where
there is at least a suspicion that the contamination could
be harmful to humans, water, buildings, or ecosystems.
Countries may have specific legal definitions of contaminated
Contaminated Land Mangrement in the Federal Republic of 
Germany is governed by the Federal Soil Protection Act which
came into force on March 1, 1999. A vital extension of this
Act is the Federal Soil Protection and Contaminated Sites
Ordinance which governs the key elements of contaminated
site management. It contains detailed annexes on sampling,
analysis and quality assurance to prepare site surveys,
on the derivation of pathway values for measures, tests
and prevention, and on requirements for remediation examination
and planning.
In line with the „polluter pays“ principle the person
causing the contamination is held responsible. Besides
the polluter the owner or occupier are responsible as well.

The Federal States are responsible for identification,
risk assessment and clean up of contaminated sites.
Further information
Technical summary
Policy and regulatory information

Other country information
European Union

<< Back to library