Title: England State of the Environment Reports (soil, air quality, water resources and water quality) 
Resource Type: web links 
Language(s): English
Producers or distributor Environment Agency 
Author / Producer Type: Agency, regulator or other governmental or inter-governmental body 
Producer or distributor web link (root): https://www.gov.uk
Web link for product information: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/state-of-the-envi ...  
EUGRIS Keyword(s): Contaminated land-->stats, registers, inventories etc
Groundwater protection-->Groundwater protection overview
Soil-->Soil Overview
Water and sanitation-->Water and sanitation Overview
Water resources and their management -->Water resources and their management Overview
Short description: Key findings • Soil is an important natural capital resource, providing many essential services. • There is insufficient data on the health of our soils and investment is needed in soil monitoring. • Soil degradation was calculated in 2010 to cost £1.2 billion every year. • Almost 4 million hectares of soil are at risk of compaction in England and Wales, affecting soil fertility and our water resources, and increasing the risk of flooding. • Over 2 million hectares of soil are at risk of erosion in England and Wales. • Soil biodiversity and the many biological processes and soil functions that it supports are thought to be under threat. • Wasting food and growing crops for bioenergy are putting additional pressure on soils. • UK soils currently store about 10 billion tonnes of carbon, roughly equal to 80 years of annual UK greenhouse gas emissions. • Intensive agriculture has caused arable soils to lose about 40 to 60% of their organic carbon. • Spreading of some materials can give rise to contamination. Some 300,000 hectares are contaminated in the UK. • Microplastics are widespread in soil with unknown consequences. • Reversing soil degradation and restoring fertility by 2030 is an aim of the government’s 25 Year Environment Plan. • The proposed Environmental Land Management scheme provides an opportunity to reward farmers for protecting and regenerating soils.  
Submitted By: Professor Paul Bardos WhoDoesWhat?      Last update: 25/02/2021

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